• High material temperature (loss of strength)
    • Flame impingement in fired equipment
    • Electrical heating failure
    • Inadequate fluid flow in heated equipment (furnace or boiler)
    • Higher flow of hot stream in heat exchanger
    • No or low flow of cold stream in heat exchanger


CCPS Process Safety Beacon

The Process Safety Beacon is a resource aimed at delivering process safety messages to plant operators and other manufacturing personnel.

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European Process Safety Centre Learning Sheets

The EPSC Learning Sheets are meant to stimulate discussion on important process safety topics at operational sites, to improve competency & awareness in a pleasant format.

  • Title (Date/URL)


Organisations, Standards & Guidance

  • Name (URL)