Thermal Contraction


  • Cooling of gases or vapours
    • Condensation (blocked-in vessel after steaming)
    • Cooling of non-condensable gases (heavy summer rainfall)
  • Solubility effects (dissolution of gases in liquids)


CCPS Process Safety Beacon

The Process Safety Beacon is a resource aimed at delivering process safety messages to plant operators and other manufacturing personnel.

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European Process Safety Centre Learning Sheets

The EPSC Learning Sheets are meant to stimulate discussion on important process safety topics at operational sites, to improve competency & awareness in a pleasant format.

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Organisations, Standards & Guidance

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