Emergency Response Plan

Image © IOGP

This is part of the Journey-Related Practices from the IOGP Land Transportation Safety Recommended Practice documented in their Report 365. This page only summarises the guidance – refer to the IOGP report and/or IOGP website for further information.

Follow prescribed land transportation Emergency Response Plan (ERP) which specifies procedures for handling sudden or unexpected situations.

  • When an emergency occurs, the first priority is always the preservation of life. The second priority is the stabilisation of the incident.
  • It is expected that as a minimum an appropriate ERP is in place for higher risk land transportation activities, for example: transportation of people or dangerous goods.
  • Wherever possible, Land transportation ERP is linked to your corporate ERP.


  • Be aware of the applicable ERP and understand what is expected in case an emergency occurs (e.g., initiate/execute the applicable emergency response plan).
  • Ensure they have the necessary equipment (e.g., spill kit, reflective vest, mobile phone).

Supervisors, Managers, Leaders:

  • Verify that an appropriate ERP is in place for higher risk land transportation activities.
  • Ensure this is validated and tested regularly.
  • Conduct a risk assessment to identify potential emergency scenarios.
  • Check that the ERP includes scenarios and actions to take for drivers in the event of a vehicle rollover, loss of primary containment or vehicle breakdown.
  • Consider whether an ERP is applicable and needed as part of the journey management plan.
  • Provide drivers (and passengers) with education on what to do in case of an emergency scenario or vehicle breakdown. Consider providing drivers (or vehicles) with a high visibility reflective safety vest or PPE.

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