Vehicle Manoeuvring

Image © IOGP

This is part of the Journey-Related Practices from the IOGP Land Transportation Safety Recommended Practice documented in their Report 365. This page only summarises the guidance – refer to the IOGP report and/or IOGP website for further information.

Ensure people are ‘out of danger’ while moving a vehicle (including reversing) in a work area.

  • Working in the ‘line of fire’ of moving vehicles is unsafe.
  • Wherever possible, eliminate the risk by segregation of vehicles and people on site.
  • Keep yourself and others out of the line of fire – Position yourself in a safe zone in relation to moving and energised equipment.
  • This practice is complementary to the IOGP Life-Saving Rule for Line of Fire: I position myself to avoid vehicles.


  • Check before commencing, and throughout a reversing manoeuvre, that the path is clear from obstruction and no-one is ‘in the line of fire’.
  • Confirm the safety precautions with the supervisor or the person in charge prior to driving a vehicle onto a work site.
  • Follow the instructions of the flagman or person in charge of the worksite.
  • Make sure that people in the work area are aware of the vehicle prior to and during the movement of the vehicle.

All workers (including Flagmen/spotters/banksmen):

  • Confirm the safety precautions with the supervisor or the person in charge of the work when working near moving or energised equipment.
  • Follow the instructions of the flagman or the person in charge for equipment movements. If hand signals are used, ensure all workers are trained to understand them and to avoid any inconsistencies.
  • Confirm with the person in charge that it is safe to enter and/or work in the restricted zone.
  • Seek to make eye contact with drivers of moving vehicles to ensure that drivers see them.

Supervisors or person in charge of the work:

  • Confirm that access to areas posing danger is restricted, well-marked and that barriers are put in place.
  • Ensure that only authorised personnel are working in a restricted zone.
  • Confirm that signalling methods and communications are agreed on and understood by everyone.
  • Ensure that the site is properly lit and/or that high-visibility clothing is worn.

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